IOSH MANAGING SAFELY Version 5.0 @ ASHEI
IOSH MANAGING SAFELY
The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) is a British organization for health and safety professionals.
The IOSH Managing Safely Certificate Course focuses on specially training the managers.
And supervisors of any organization.
The course helps them comprehend and adopt high standard occupational health and safety principles.
Practices in their particular work culture. In order to do the course call us.
Designed for managers and supervisors in any sector and in any country.
Certainly it Provides the knowledge and tools required to manage safely.
Peace of mind from training that’s designed and quality-controlled by us
Flexibility of delivery that suits your business.
Because of this course being UK certification, it is Internationally recognized and respected certification.
Efficient and effective learning – health, safety and environmental basics covered in a single program me
Memorable and thought-provoking facts and case studies.
Modules backed by clear examples and recognizable scenarios.
Summaries to reinforce key points
Checklists and materials supplied for subsequent use in the workplace.
Interactive quiz and discussions
Practical exercise based on the operations of a real business.
Successful delegates awarded a Managing Safely certificate.
Top 5 business benefits
Greater productivity – fewer hours lost to sickness and accidents.
Improved organisation-wide safety awareness culture and appreciation of safety measures.
Active staff involvement to improve the workplace.
Internationally recognized certification for managers and supervisors. Because of this course recognition it is advised to do this course
Top 5 delegate benefits
Ensures you can assess and control risks and hazards.
4 Days course
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified – Environment Health and Safety Training Institute
First Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aishwarya Road,
Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium. Palarivattom(PO), Ernakulam – 682 025
Phone : 0091 484 2343590
Mob : 91 94 476096 17, 85 928593 85
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Web : www.asheinstitute.com
WHAT IS IT?
Accident investigation is the process of determining the root causes of accidents, on-the-job injuries, property damage, and close calls in order to prevent them from occurring again.
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
Accident investigation will lead you to the real cause of why something happened, and armed with that knowledge, you can take affirmative steps to prevent future accidents from occurring.
WHAT IS REQUIRED?
- Develop an accident investigation process that focuses on:
o fact finding, not fault finding
o determining the root causes of why the event occurred
o making changes so the event does not happen again.
- Set a policy that accidents and close calls (large and small) will be investigated with equal vigor.
- Provide training and tools to staff conducting accident investigations.
- Audit completed investigations to ensure they are being completed on a timely basis with an adequate level of detail.
HOW DO YOU DO IT?
Workplace accidents should be investigated as soon as possible after they occur. The goals of a timely and thorough accident investigation should be to:
- determine the cause of the accident
- prevent the accident from happening again
- improve health and safety conditions in the workplace
- determine whether a violation of federal or state safety and health standards contributed to the accident
- determine company or individual liability in case of future legal action
- determine the need for repairs or replacement of damaged items
- determine the need for additional education and training for employees.
A thorough and complete accident investigation involves several steps, specifically:
- background investigation
- site investigation
- analysis and reporting.
The following outline discusses these steps in more detail.
- Review the employment and injury records of any injured employee(s) and/or others whose actions contributed to the accident.
- Review reports of any injuries and/or damage to equipment, machines, building, or property.
- Compile a list of witnesses to the accident.
- Gather information about normal conditions and/or operations of the area. Information would include maps, floor plans, wiring diagrams, and any other piping or architectural drawings or operational guidelines.
- Meet with supervisors and other employees responsible for the affected area and employees of the affected area to outline the purpose and goals of the investigation. Ensure that there is a basic understanding of the materials, equipment, operation, or process involved.
- Arrive at the scene of the accident as soon as possible after the incident has occurred.
- Restrict the accident scene to authorized persons during the site investigation.
- Ensure that movable evidence is secured to prevent tampering or other changes.
- Determine what physical changes may have occurred following the accident. Changes could be attributed to clean-up, weather, maintenance, and normal usage.
- Tour the entire area and record pertinent initial perceptions of the status and condition of building, grounds, equipment, lighting, and ventilation.
- Sketch or draw parts of the accident scene where equipment or machinery involved in the accident is located or where actions that contributed to the accident occurred. Use the following guidelines when sketching or drawing an accident scene:
- Use squared (graph) paper. If distance or size is important determine the value for each square and note this at the bottom of each sketch.
- Orient each sketch with an arrow pointing north.
- Label all objects.
- Use arrows to indicate paths of travel of individuals and/or vehicles.
- Indicate the distance of movable objects from two fixed locations.
- Note the location of witnesses present at the time of the accident.
- Take photographs of the overall scene, damaged areas, and pertinent machinery and/or equipment. Photographs should be made before any adjustments occur to the scene of the accident.
- Prior to taking photographs, determine if the area has been altered. If items have been moved or changed, do not move them back for photographs. Photograph items as found, yet document the change and the individual responsible or knowledgeable of the change.
- For close-ups, use reference items such as a ruler or level measurer to indicate size or slope of the items photographed. For each close-up, photograph the same item from a distance to provide a reference. Photograph the area where the injured worker(s) were found, using reference marks to indicate individuals’ placement.
- Prepare a list of witnesses and other individuals to be interviewed.
- When possible, do not allow more than 24 hours to elapse before conducting interviews.
- Conduct interviews in a private setting to avoid interruptions and distractions.
- Prepare a list of questions in advance of any interview. Use questions that require narrative answers. Avoid questions that suggest an expected answer (Example: “Isn’t it true that the injured employee was running?”) or that can be answered with either “yes” or “no.” Questions should be structured from the following six key elements: Who? What? Where? When? How? Why?
o Who questions identify all parties involved.
o What questions identify pertinent actions, events, and physical objects.
o Where questions locate participants, witnesses, and key objects involved in the accident.
o When questions determine the time of the accident and establish relationships between pairs of activities or events.
o How questions provide information on the interaction and relationships among participants, equipment, and the events leading up to, during, and after the accident.
o Why questions determine unsafe acts or hazardous conditions.
- Before starting the interview, advise the person to be interviewed that the purpose of the session is to determine the cause of the accident and to prevent any future occurrence.
- Start the interview by asking the individual to describe what happened. Do not interrupt with questions.
- After the individual has given his or her initial statement, ask the prepared questions and any additional questions prompted by the individual’s statement.
- Record the individual’s statement, the questions asked, and the answers received in the order that they occur. Let the individual talk, but not ramble. Interrupt when necessary to turn the conversation back to the subject at hand.
- Close the interview when all questions have been answered and when the individual indicates no additional information can be provided. Encourage the individual to contact you if other pertinent information comes to mind. Immediately after the interview, review the individual’s statement and answers and record your impressions and judgments.
Analysis and reporting
After all fact-finding efforts are complete, analyze the data to determine all causes of the accident. Then prepare a comprehensive report outlining the identified causes and describing corrective measures to prevent similar future accidents. To best understand why an accident occurred and to plan for preventive actions, it is important to realize that most accidents have more than one cause. It is important to realize that an accident may be the result of the interaction of seemingly unrelated events.
The cause of an accident is any behavior, condition, act, or omission without which the accident may not have happened, or the severity of the injuries would have been less. Causes can be characterized as direct, indirect, or contributing.
- Direct causes are acts or omissions that directly relate to the accident. These could include workers or other individuals who:
o operate equipment in an unsafe manner or operate equipment known to have safety defects or deficiencies
o do not follow required or necessary safety precautions or procedures
o fail to correct known damage to or faulty operations of equipment, machinery, or vehicles.
- Indirect causes are conditions that directly contribute to the occurrence of a direct cause. These causes could include:
o defective or unusual conditions of equipment, machinery, vehicles, buildings, or grounds
o defective or unusual conditions of workers or other individuals, such as intoxication, physical defects or limitations, or psychological defects or limitations
o hazardous or unusual conditions of weather.
- Contributing causes are conditions, programs, acts, or omissions that are not directly related to the accident but did contribute to the occurrence or existence of a direct or indirect cause. These causes could include lack of or inadequate:
o safety program
o training programs
o preventive maintenance programs
o corrective maintenance programs
o design of equipment, machinery, vehicles, or facilities
o advisory or warning communication, labels, or signs.
- Collect and correlate data. The following are examples of materials that can be used to ascertain all causes related to the accident. These materials should be collected and organized to allow investigators to review all information at one time:
o summary of employment and injury records of pertinent employees
o summary of orientation and training records for pertinent employees
o summary of normal conditions and/or operation of the pertinent area
o description of usual and safe operations or use of materials, equipment, facilities, operations, or processes involved
o summary of inspections of materials, equipment, and facilities involved
o summary of witness statements that includes an outline of areas of agreement and disagreement between statements
o summary of pertinent records of preventive maintenance or repair
o written company policies or directives that pertain to the materials, equipment, facilities, operations, or processes involved.
- Review data and pose hypothetical causes. The investigator should review all pertinent data. After the initial review, the investigator should outline potential direct, indirect, and contributing causes. It is important that all potential causes be listed and that the investigator not draw preliminary conclusions as to the probability that a potential cause was or was not related to the incident. It may be helpful to have a second individual conduct an independent review of the pertinent data to list all of the potential causes.
- Test potential causes. Review again the pertinent data looking for specific data that affirm or reject each potential cause. Connect related direct, indirect, and contributing causes.
A written report should be generated that contains the following sections:
- Statement of the problem. This section should include:
o a review of the incident
o a summary of injuries, lost time, and equipment and/or property damage.
- Review of the data. This section should include:
o a summary of witness statements
o a summary of relevant findings concerning the accident and work history of affected employees and the operation of machinery or equipment
o a storyboard with photographs or sketches
o an overview of existing, written company policies or directives.
- Causes. This section should list the direct, indirect, and contributing causes that have been affirmed by the data. A reference should be made to the data that support each cause.
- Recommendations. These should be based directly on each of the noted causes. These recommendations could include the following:
o more or improved training for employees
o new company policies or directives, or better clarification or dissemination of existing ones
o improved communication between employees, supervisors, and management
o design or operation changes or improvements to machines, equipment, or processes
o different or improved safety equipment
o different or improved protection from natural phenomena or disasters
o different or improved systems to account for possible physical, physiological, or psychological limitations of employees, customers, or others.
1st Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aiswarya Road, Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom, 682025
Reach us on 9745126655, 8592859385
UPCOMING TRAINING DATES
IOSH : 1/09/2017
NEBOSH IGC : 11/09/2017
NEBOSH HSW : 24/09/2017
OHSAS 18001 : 24/08/2017
MEDIC FIRST AID : 30/08/2017
IADC RIGPASS : 24/08/2017
What is workplace violence?
VIOLENCE in WORKPLACE is violence or the threat of violence against workers.
It can occur at or outside the workplace and can range from threats and verbal abuse to physical assaults and homicide, one of the leading causes of job-related deaths. However it manifests itself, workplace violence is a growing concern for employers and employees nationwide.
Who is vulnerable?
2 million workers are victims of workplace violence each year. Workplace violence can strike anywhere, and no one is immune. Some workers, however, are at increased risk. Among them are workers who exchange money with the public; deliver passengers, goods, or services; or work alone or in small groups, during late night or early morning hours, in high-crime areas, or in community settings and homes where they have extensive contact with the public.
This group includes health-care and social service workers such as visiting nurses, psychiatric evaluators, and probation officers; community workers such as gas and water utility employees, phone and cable TV installers, and letter carriers; retail workers; and taxi drivers.
What can these employers do to help protect these employees?
The best protection employers can offer is to establish a zero-tolerance policy toward workplace violence against or by their employees. The employer should establish a workplace violence prevention program or incorporate the information into an existing accident prevention program, employee handbook, or manual of standard operating procedures. It is critical to ensure that all employees know the policy and understand that all claims of workplace violence will be investigated and remedied promptly.
In addition, employers can offer additional protections such as the following:
Provide safety education for employees so they know what conduct is not acceptable,what to do if they witness or are subjected to workplace violence, and how to protect themselves.
Secure the workplace. Where appropriate to the business, install video surveillance, extra lighting, and alarm systems and minimize access by outsiders through identification badges, electronic keys, and guards.
Provide drop safes to limit the amount of cash on hand. Keep a minimal amount of cash in registers during evenings and latenight hours.
Equip field staff with cellular phones and hand-held alarms or noise devices, and require them to prepare a daily work plan and keep a contact person informed of their location throughout the day. Keep employer provided vehicles properly maintained.
Instruct employees not to enter any location where they feel unsafe. Introduce a “buddy system” or provide an escort service or police assistance in potentially dangerous situations or at night.
Develop policies and procedures covering visits by home health-care providers. Address the conduct of home visits, the presence of others in the home during visits, and the worker’s right to refuse to provide services in a clearly hazardous situation.
How can the employees protect themselves?
Nothing can guarantee that an employee will not become a victim of workplace violence. These steps, however, can help reduce the odds:
Learn how to recognize, avoid, or diffuse potentially violent situations by attending personal safety training programs.
Avoid traveling alone into unfamiliar locations or situations whenever possible.
Carry only minimal money and required identification into community settings.
What should employers do following an incident of workplace violence?
Encourage employees to report and log all incidents and threats of workplace violence.
Provide prompt medical evaluation and treatment after the incident.
Report violent incidents to the local police promptly.
Inform victims of their legal right to prosecute perpetrators.
Discuss the circumstances of the incident with staff members. Encourage employees to share information about ways to avoid similar situations in the future.
Offer stress debriefing sessions and post traumatic counseling services to help workers recover from a violent incident.
Investigate all violent incidents and threats, monitor trends in violent incidents by type or circumstance, and institute corrective actions.
Discuss changes in the program during regular employee meetings.
1st Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aiswarya Road, Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom, 682025
Reach us on 9745126655, 8592859385